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Dukes BBQ Style Hash Recipe

If you know South Carolina BBQ, you know the name Dukes. And if you know Dukes, you have certainly heard about Dukes BBQ hash.

If you’re looking to add one authentic South Carolina barbecue hash recipe to your arsenal, this Dukes BBQ style hash recipe is one to copy into the family cookbook.

There are a dozen Dukes restaurants in SC at the time of this writing, but while they share similar qualities, they are not all the same. Walk into Dukes of Walterboro and you will not get the exact same menu or experience as you would at the Dukes in Ridgeville.

They are not a chain or franchise, per se, but rather a loosely connected assortment of family restaurants.

One thing they all have in common is a delicacy unique to South Carolina: hash and rice. This is not to be confused with Brunswick Stew, common in BBQ restaurants in NC and GA.

Here’s a good look at Dukes’ hash

South Carolina barbecue hash recipes all yield a thick stew of sorts whose exact ingredients vary from family to family and restaurant to restaurant.

However, common among all the variations of SC BBQ hash recipes, you’ll always find its base built upon a meat product — typically pork, sometimes beef, and often a combination.

This rich, meaty foundation is layered with some combination of onions, potatoes, and BBQ sauce. Then it is all boiled down (and often ground) into a thick, soupy stew.

Upstate Beef Hash - Meat boiling
Upstate Beef Hash – Meat Boiling

Sometimes lovingly called “liquid sausage,” SC BBQ hash is generally served atop a bed of white rice.

While that may not sound delicious to the uninitiated, most native South Carolinians expect a side of hash and rice when they go out to eat barbecue. Dukes’ BBQ hash recipe is one that has kept them coming back for over five decades.

Head, Tongues, and Liver

Here’s an old clip from SCETV. (Click below to watch video in a new tab.)

In it, host Dr. Dick Pillsbury discusses the Dukes BBQ hash recipe as served at the Dukes on Whitman in Orangeburg. Do they use these unusual parts from the pig to make their hash?

Below you will find our Dukes BBQ hash recipe we received from Michael Ott.

He originally grew up in Orangeburg County, the heart of Dukes BBQ country, and has family ties to Dukes BBQ. It is not Dukes’s actual recipe.

“It’s good, but not a match for Dukes,” he said humbly.

Hash and rice is a staple at BBQ joints around the state and if you’re looking for a homemade recipe, Michael’s is friendly for the home cook.

Curious about SC BBQ Hash?

We’ve published an in-depth look at South Carolina Barbecue hash.

We have also published a Google Web Story that condenses and highlights much of the article above.

In either piece, we examine the origins and history of yet another SC BBQ original. In addition, you will find a current listing of every SCBBQ restaurant that serves hash.

Restaurant Serving Hash in SC
Restaurants Serving Hash in SC

For your convenience, we’ve included an interactive SC BBQ Hash Map which is similar to our SC BBQ Trail Map. This map filters the result to show only those places serving some version of an SC barbecue hash recipe, regardless of meat base, flavoring, or style.

How do you find the best hash and rice spot near you?

With your permission, the map will find your location and show you the closest 25 places serving hash within 100 miles of you.

And, of course, you’ll find several SC BBQ hash recipes to make at home.

Among them, you will discover a beef hash recipe (as seen in the photo above) that’s certainly a different style than Dukes’. It is more commonly found in the Upstate.

Making the Dukes BBQ Hash Recipe

The recipe is really quite simple, though it does take time.

Cooking the Boston Butt

First, the recipe begins with the assumption that you have cooked a 5-pound Boston butt. It doesn’t really matter how you cook it for this recipe.

You can simply cook it in a crockpot or the oven if you want to keep it simple. Or you can smoke it on a smoker if you have more time and energy to invest in it.

Frankly, you could simply buy and/or use leftover barbecue meat. Just understand that there will be subtle flavor differences if you go with the smoker or barbecue route.

Whatever route you choose, it will be fine.

Putting it All Together

With the cooked pork ready, you’ll begin by sautéing onions and potatoes in a pot for about five minutes or so until the onions are tender.

In the meantime, if you haven’t already, pull the pork, cleaning it of any unwanted part.

Once the onions are translucent, you can add in the black pepper and pulled pork, covering them all with water. Bring to a boil and then simmer.

When the potatoes are done, simply blend (or grind if you prefer). An immersion blender works well if you have one, but you can process in batches in a standard blender.

Or you could go the old-fashioned route and cook it down over coals in a cast-iron kettle! Photo below compliments of Buck Vaughan.

South Carolina Barbecue Hash over Fire

Avoid blending too smoothly, but if you do, it will still taste fine. I speak from experience on that one.

Add everything, including remaining ingredients, back to the pot and simmer until it’s the right consistency.

What is the right consistency?

Good question. You want a thick stew, something that can and will burn on the bottom of the pot if you’re not stirring regularly. And something that will sit on top of rice, not drain through.

The example below from Big Boy’s Original Smokehouse is yet another look at a true South Carolina barbecue hash. See there is nothing seeping through the rice.

Big Boys Original Smokehouse BBQ Plate with Hash Ribs
Big Boys Original Smokehouse BBQ Plate with Hash and Ribs

While something different altogether, a hot dog chili is of a comparable consistency. Or maybe a beef stew thickened with corn starch. (No…don’t use cornstarch in your hash. No one in SC does, I promise.)

Anyway, you get the idea.

Finish with a bit of butter and serve over rice.

Aah…that’s a classic take on South Carolina barbecue hash.

Authentic SC BBQ Hash Recipe from Dukes BBQ

Dukes BBQ Style Hash

Yield: 5 quarts
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 1 hour
Total Time: 1 hour 15 minutes

An authentic SC BBQ hash recipe at its best, Dukes Barbecue style. Potatoes, onions, and pork are about all you need!


  • 5 lbs Boston butt, roasted or cooked in a crockpot until tender and falling off the bone
  • 2 lbs potatoes, chopped
  • 2 lbs onions, chopped
  • 1 cup mustard-based BBQ sauce
  • 1 cup ketchup
  • 1/2 cup apple cider vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons black pepper, ground
  • 1 tsp hot sauce, Texas Pete or to taste
  • 8 tbsp butter, (one stick)


  1. Sauté onions with potatoes in a little oil until onions are tender.
  2. Stir in black pepper. 
  3. Pull pork and add to potatoes and onions. 
  4. Fill with water until covered. 
  5. Cook until potatoes are done. 
  6. Blend mixture slightly in a blender and return to pot. 
  7. Add BBQ sauce, ketchup, hot sauce to taste and vinegar. 
  8. Simmer until it's the consistency of thick soup. 
  9. Turn off heat and add butter.
  10. Serve over white rice.


For a different yet still authentic SC-style hash, substitute half the pork with a beef roast. That version of this South Carolina BBQ hash recipe will have more in common with the hash you find in the Midlands of SC.

Can be refrigerated for up to 5 days or frozen for up to 6 months.

Nutrition Information:
Yield: 20 Serving Size: 1 cup
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 134Total Fat: 6gSaturated Fat: 3gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 13mgSodium: 332mgCarbohydrates: 20gFiber: 2gSugar: 6gProtein: 3g

Want More Authentic SC BBQ Recipes?

Check out our SC BBQ Cookbook. Complete with over 150 pages of recipes from generations-old family cookbooks and today's top pitmasters.


Saturday 11th of September 2021

No talk of Bessingers or Maurices??? Y’all are missing out!

James Roller

Monday 13th of September 2021

@Jay, they both make an excellent hash, but unfortunately neither of them are sharing their recipe with me! Interestingly enough, David Bessinger, owner of Melvin's, gave me his full restaurant recipe for Melvin's hash. I will publish it in the next edition of our cookbook. Stay tuned. Hope to have it ready this fall.

Dan Bishop. “B”

Monday 2nd of August 2021

I love Hash like you find at Dukes BBQ. I am originally from Bamberg, SC. Other hash just does not measure up in my opinion. I really appreciate this recipe. Would love to see bbq sauce they have on their buffets. Thank you for sharing the hash recipe.


James Roller

Monday 2nd of August 2021

thanks for the kind words. Ask and you shall receive: Dukes Style BBQ Sauce Recipe

Kevin Dukes

Thursday 11th of March 2021

I'm originally from O'burg county and share a last name with the Dukes family, but only related through marriage somewhere around my great-grandfathers generation. I used to hit the original Earl Dukes BBQ place at least twice a month with my granddad when I was a kid. Now living in KS I always beg any family members traveling my way to get a gallon of hash and pack it in dry ice for the drive out here. I've been missing it and will be trying this recipe very soon.


Friday 12th of March 2021

@Kevin Dukes, great story! I look forward to hearing how the recipe measures up. Enjoy!


Tuesday 23rd of February 2021

The rice is different in bbq restaurants. It’s thicker. Is it instant?

James Roller

Wednesday 24th of February 2021

@Kathy, it is what I often refer to "institutional rice." It is a sad, sad shadow of it's real self, but there are lots of reasons to use it in that setting. As we've all experienced, rice can be a very fickle dish to cook. The rice they use is a variety of parboiled rice, I believe. Like all pre-cooked rice, it is hard to screw up, but it is also generally bland or even tasteless. If I owned a restaurant, I'd probably do the same thing, but I'd never cook it at home.

Bill Proctor

Saturday 22nd of August 2020

Have family living in Cope SC. (Proctor's). Grew up eating Dukes BBQ.We knew Danny Duke quite well. Think he started with 2 places , Cope and Branchville. He would serve one night in Cope and the next in Branchville. Friday then Saturday..We would travel 40 miles (from Williston) to eat there and visit with him..When he saw me walk in (as a kid) he would always laugh and say "Well i'm going to loose money tonight) !! LOL He was "The Best" !!!!

James Roller

Sunday 23rd of August 2020

Haha...great story. Thanks for sharing!

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