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South Carolina is blessed when it comes to BBQ.
In SC, barbecue is often defined by the sauce it is served with. South Carolina — arguably the birthplace of BBQ — can brag about having four distinct sauce regions. In the map below, you will see how the state divides according to the sauce type you would historically find in those areas.
In the heart of mustard country, you will find Orangeburg County. It could easily be argued that this is the birthplace of the sauce unique to South Carolina, the mustard sauce.
Without getting too deep into the history behind it, know that Joe Bessinger may have been the first to create a mustard sauce near Holly Hill, in rural Orangeburg County. Joe’s sons later spread the family’s BBQ greatness across the state in several different BBQ restaurants, including Maurice’s with 13 “Piggie Park” locations mostly in Columbia, Melvin’s on James Island and in Mt. Pleasant, Bessingers Bar-Be-Que West of the Ashley in Charleston, Joe Bessingers in Summerville, and Robert’s in North Charleston.
But that’s not the whole story of Orangeburg County’s importance in SC’s barbecue heritage. In and around the city of Orangeburg, the Dukes BBQ family empire evolved.
Dukes serves what many South Carolinians would instinctively call a mustard sauce, but really there is more to it than that, as you will see in this recipe.
Earl Dukes, the progenitor of the Dukes brand, opened the original Dukes restaurant.
His sauce, and the type of sauce that you will find in all Dukes restaurants, is what some refer to as “Orangeburg Sweet” sauce. Tony Kittrell, who runs the Dukes Barbecue on Whitman Street in Orangeburg, calls it: “Rust Gravy.”
Whatever you call it, it is a clear SC favorite. If you decide to hit the road, you need to make it to a Dukes to try at least one version of this recipe.
Michael Ott, who originally grew up in Orangeburg County, the heart of Dukes BBQ country, provided us with this recipe.
“You can post the mustard recipe because it really is my version. None of my recipes are from Dukes. They are not going to tell anyone — including family members — their recipes,” Michael said.
Here is his version:
Check out these other SC BBQ sauce recipes we’ve published on destination-bbq, and we’ve published even more sauce (and rub) recipes in the SCBBQ Recipes: Going Whole Hog Cookbook. Read more about that here.
Learn More About Our SCBBQ Cookbook
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